Posted on 21st Dec 2012 @ 3:34 PM
Thursday, December 04, 2003
By Johnna A. Pro, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Since leaving Lettopalena, Italy, as a teenager, Carmen Palmieri has never wanted to return to the country of his birth, preferring instead to remember the tiny mountainous village in the Abruzzi region as it is in his mind's eye.
One of the enduring pictures for the 89-year-old Palmieri is that of a celebration, a town wedding at which women of village including his grandmother, would toss colored almonds, money and pizzelle from their balconies to the revelers on the streets below.
|Carmen Palmieri is the 89-year-old founder of Palmer manufacturing, the only American pizzelle-iron maker. (Bill Wade, Post-Gazette)
Festas in Italy call for luscious sweets, or dolce, and in the case of marriages, Christmas, Easter or other religious events, it is pizzelle that mark the day, particularly in the towns dotting Abruzzi, where they have been made for centuries.
The lacy waffle-like cookies that resemble snowflakes or doilies are typically flavored with anise, and their delicate designs are often customized to reflect the particular woman or family who bakes them.
Italian immigrants carried the tradition, the recipes and the art of making pizzelle to America. And it is Palmieri who has played an integral part keeping the tradition alive for 65 years, by manufacturing tens of thousands of pizzelle irons, first the hand-held kind and, later, electric ones.
Today, the Palmer Pizzelle Iron is the only American-made pizzelle iron on the market. Palmieri, of West Newton, is, if you will, the godfather of the business, a man who is part storyteller, part philosopher, and unabashed, mischievous flirt. At his age, he's allowed to be.
Although Palmieri has turned over day-to-day operations to a younger generation, he still goes to work every day from 7 a.m. to 3 p.m., keeping an eye over the business that started with an experiment in his basement and now includes the manufacturing plant in nearby South Huntingdon and one in Maryland.
"All the things I wanted, my boy let it happen," he said waving his hands expressively and referring to his son John, 65. "You put that in. I started out, but my boy made it happen. The boy and my grandson made it what it is today."
Coming to America
Palmieri was just 15 when he left his mother in Italy and came to the United States with nothing more than a third-grade Italian education.
He joined his father, Giovanni, a naturalized citizen who had come seeking a better life two years earlier.
The elder Palmieri took a job at a coal mine in Westmoreland County. Father and son took on the back-breaking work together after Palmieri lied about his age and got a job there, too.
Just 3 1/2 years later, tragedy struck when Giovanni Palmieri was critically injured at work. He died three days later, leaving his son to make his own way in the world. He was 18.
Though he lacked a formal education, the young Palmieri had a natural curiosity, innate intelligence and deft hands. He watched other men. He listened. He asked questions. He developed the skills of a master machinist, a talent that would serve him well in the coming decades.
Even with today's 21st-century technology, when equipment at the plant needs to be fixed, adjusted or made to work better, the nine employees can count on Palmieri to study the problem and find a solution.
"He makes everybody's life easier," said his granddaughter, Darcy Palmieri Smouse, who manages the South Huntingdon plant.
Palmieri's abilities were such that the U.S. government granted him four deferments during World War II, preferring instead that his skills be used toward the massive supply effort under way in the Mon Valley industrial plants, including the radiator factory where he worked after leaving the coal mine.
"I see what other people does, and I learned how to do it," Palmieri said simply and in broken English.
|Pizzelle iron molds await final assembly at C. Palmer Manufacturing Co. in West Newton. Carmen Palmieri, the company's founder, began making hand-held pizzelle irons in a foundry built in his back yard in the 1930s. (Bill Wade, Post-Gazette)|
In business for himself
By 1936, Palmieri had married, and he and his wife, Helen, settled in West Newton.
Palmieri dug out a basement in their house, and he liked to go there to tinker with tools and equipment. One day he decided to improve a hand-held pizzelle iron he had purchased.
He didn't like the design on the metal plates, where the batter was poured, so he decided to make his own.
With nothing more than three sacks of molding sand, 4 1/2 pounds of aluminum and a coal furnace, Palmieri crafted his own mold with a flower design.
"I changed the design. I didn't like the way it look. I change that to suit me, to look better."
He was shaking when it came time to open the mold.
"I hate to open it," he said, laughing. "I didn't want to be disappointed. But I wasn't. It come out good."
The success in the basement gave Palmieri the incentive to produce his own hand-held irons. He built his own foundry in the back yard and went to work.
He carried the irons himself by bus or train to the Strip District, where Italian grocers, such as Pennsylvania Macaroni and Sunseri Brothers, agreed to stock them and advised him about business.
Palmieri streamlined the production process to cut costs, Americanized the name to Palmer and, after some initial mistakes, learned how to price the hand-held irons appropriately: $2.50. He was so confident about his work, he offered a 10-year warranty, which the company still honors today.
Before long, Palmieri's backyard foundry was too small for the work. Twice over the years, he expanded.
By 1965, Palmieri outgrew the back yard and moved his operations to a modern facility in the rural countryside above West Newton and, with his son's help, transformed the business.
Sand molds have given way to die casts. Computers are an integral part of the operation.
And the tiny coal furnace is now a massive gas-fired piece of equipment fed by 1,000-pound ingots of aluminum.
The foundry operations expanded, as did the company's product lines, but while changes have occurred over the decades, the pizzelle iron and variations of it are still part of the company's catalog. This year two new irons were added -- one that makes three smaller round cookies and another that makes three oval cookies.
As he looks back on six decades in the business, Palmieri smiles and refuses to take credit for his success. Above all else, he is a deeply religious man. America, he says, gave him opportunity. But he thanks God for the life he's had.
"You never walk alone, and you never say I," he said glancing upward. "Say we did it. We did it."
Ironing out the technique
Making pizzelle takes some trial and error.
Once you get the hang of it, it's easy and fun. Invite a friend over to help. It's best if you get organized first.
Lay out sheets of wax paper on your countertop or table so you can let the cookies cool and dry.
Plug your pizzelle iron into an outlet where you will have room to work. Make sure you have a watch or a clock with a second hand. Keep a wet towel handy to wipe your hands.
Plug in the pizzelle iron for 15 minutes, or until hot.
Generously grease the upper and lower grids with vegetable shortening. (Be prepared to grease several times while making the pizzelle.)
Drop a ball of the batter (approximately a tablespoon or just under 2 ounces) onto each grid, slightly to the back of the grid. If you put it in the center or too far forward, it will ooze out. Pull the top of the iron down, lock into place and let each cookie bake for 30 seconds.
Bake the first two cookies and throw them out. (This helps to season the iron.)
Now you're ready to start.
Most pizzelle irons will make two cookies at a time, although some irons will make four and Palmer Manufacturing has two new models on the market that each make three.
After letting the cookies bake, lift the lid. Using a fork or your fingers, gently remove each pizzelle from its grid.
Lay each cookie on wax paper for about an hour to cool and dry. Change the paper and turn each cookie over so the other side dries also. Stack. Freeze or store in an airtight container.
Pizzelle can be served with coffee or dipped in red wine.
-- Johnna A. Pro
MARY JO VINDIVICH'S FAVORITE PIZZELLE
It was because of Mary Jo Vindivich that we devoted lots of space in this year's cookie section to pizzelle. Vindivich, who has been married 24 years, has baked pizzelle since she was a bride. Over the years, she's tried many recipes and different flavorings, but by far, the most popular is the traditional Italian pizzelle.
In an extremely large bowl, beat eggs well. Add sugar gradually. Add the melted shortening and the flavoring. Beat until blended smooth. Add the flour 1 cup at a time. Mix well after each addition. Add the salt. You will end up with thick dough-like batter, similar to drop cookie dough.
Chill the batter for 2 hours, overnight or several days to enrich the flavor. (We chilled ours overnight.)
Bake as directed in accompanying sidebar. Makes 10 to 12 dozen pizzelle, depending on the iron.
VIRGINIA LAMA PRO'S BELGIAN WAFFLE COOKIE
This recipe, which is nearly 40 years old, comes from Virginia L. Pro, mother of staff writer Johnna A. Pro, who over the years has shared many of her cookie recipes on the PG food pages. Like the pizzelle, the waffle cookie is a delicately flavored cookie that looks lovely on a plate. Although Pro always made hers in the basement using a hand-held iron and a gas stove, you'll have an easier time. There are several Belgian cookie irons on the market, including one made by Palmer Manufacturing. For a novice baker, these aren't quite as difficult to make as pizzelle.
In a medium bowl, beat egg whites until fluffy and let sit. In a separate large bowl, mix the butter, brown sugar, white sugar, egg yolks and vanilla. Add the liquor and mix well. Add the flour, 1 cup at a time, and continue mixing. Add the egg whites and mix. You will have a doughlike batter. It's not necessary to chill this batter, but you can pop it in the refrigerator for a few minutes while preparing the iron. Remember to keep a wet towel handy as fingers will get sticky.
Plug in waffle iron for 15 minutes or until hot. Generously grease top and bottom grids with Crisco or other vegetable shortening. (Be prepared to grease as you are baking.) Drop a ball of batter directly in the center of the iron. (Use about a 1/2 tablespoon or approximately an ounce to get cookies that are roughly 2 1/2 inches in diameter) Close iron, lock and let cookies bake for 1 minute. Using a fork, gently remove from the grids. Place on racks or on wax paper to dry. Freeze or store in airtight containers in a cool, dry place.
Serve plain, sprinkled lightly with powered sugar or spread with butter.
Makes approximately 10 to 12 dozen cookies, depending on size.
|Johnna Pro can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or 412-263-1574.|